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Objectives


The project encompasses three general and complementary objectives that are:
  • An environmental goal to evaluate the scope of every concrete conservation action implemented to curb the impoverishment of wildlife diversity according to different European biotopes (Atlantic, Mediterranean, and Continental). Indeed, the project deals with creating complementary semi-natural spaces in vineyards such as hedges, ground covers, grainland and/or low walls to host all kinds of arthropods,  birds, little mammals, fungi, new plants… The idea is to increase vegetal biodiversity that supports animal biodiversity.

  • An agronomic issue to assess the benefits of arthropods and fungi biodiversity for viticulture. Dynamics will be observed at a landscape scale considering this level is deciding for preserving biodiversity in agricultural areas. An organized set up of semi natural elements will help smooth out negative effects of the intensification of parcels by improving connectivity and quality of habitats, and soil biodiversity wealth. The project aims at demonstrating that a landscape and ecological action plan can efficiently help wine makers' work while respecting biodiversity.

  • A landscape perspective focusing on the most efficient landscape structures in terms of biodiversity. An appropriate landscape layout, respectful both of local biotope and regional culture, is more efficient and functional than shorter sight perspectives. Management plans will be proposed for each situation by the end of the project.

Strategy

Within the BioDiVine project, seven demonstration sites will be analyzed to establish which key actions can and will be specifically implemented locally.


Name of the demonstration site General information Maps Information panel Video
Limoux              
Saint-Emilion          
Costières de Nîmes     
La Grajera                 
Penedes               
Alto Douro          
Bourgogne                  

The BioDiVine project will focus on how to manage these areas in favor of biodiversity. In some cases this will mean planting hedgerows, in other just changing mowing schedules etc.

Concrete conservation actions

Name of the concrete conservation actions

Expected results

Introduction of ground covers

Decrease in sensitivity to cryptogamic diseases
Improvement of sanitary state (grey rot)
Struggle against weed (water and nitrogen competition)
Improvement of soil lift
Better water seepage
Improvement of soil quality (microflora and microfauna)
Decrease in erosion and run-off
Improvement of biodiversity

Introduction of diversified hedges

Struggle against pest and diseases
Limitation of wind-driven erosion
Improvement of water seepage
Improvement of landscape structure
Improvement of biodiversity

Reorganisation of low walls and other layout (slopes…)

Limitation of wind-driven erosion
Improvement of landscape structure
Improvement of biodiversity

Use of pheromones

Long-term soil fertility preservation
Improvement of water seepage
Limitation of water contamination

Reorganization of headlands

Better water seepage
Improvement of soil quality (microflora and microfauna)
Decrease in erosion and run-off
Improvement of biodiversity